I have a ROG STRIX X670E-E, AMD 7950X CPU with newest 1602 BIOS, 192GB RAM running Debian Linux - doing "number-crunching" (large scale map data processing). Everything runs stable and smooth.
Now, as I already have this nice motherboard, I decided to give "AI overclocking" a try, but my experience was not really satisfying. I used my own application as benchmark (runs 5h: first 1.5 h it is running on 1 core, the rest is multi-core capable and pushes to 100% CPU for 3.5 h, all 16 cores are maxed out).
Now as a baseline (before enabling AI overclock), I got a runtime of 299 minutes. Temperature of the CPU was around 95°C so I guess I ran into thermal throttling.
After I enabled AI and run the benchmark several times (always rebooted to BIOS after each try), the runtime of my benchmark INCREASED - it is always around 310 - 315 minutes now - so 5% slower. Temperature is lower, approx. 85°C now - so there is still some thermal headroom, I guess.
Also the IDLE power (= running Linux, CPU load is almost 0%) was 47W before, now it is 62W.
Sorry, I honestly don't know how much "training" the Asus software does within the operating system for the overclock. But generally speaking, you will find a better overclock by doing it manually in the Bios instead of using AI Overclock which is a lot more involved of course.